Cleaning and polishing teeth

We can preserve our teeth and prolong their lives by exercising proper dental hygiene. Pigmentations from food and drinks often remain on the surface of the teeth and with time the teeth become more yellow, full of calculus and plaque. This results in more bacteria present in the mouth. Those bacteria can be bad not just for the teeth but also for the entire organism. Calculus is a form of hardened dental deposits, formed by the mineralization of plaque i.e. those hard white or yellow deposits which appear in the teeth/gingiva area. It is best visible on the inside of lower front teeth.
It is recommended to have teeth professionally cleaned and polished twice a year, regardless of the existence of any dental problems.

Persons with problems connected to gum bleeding, pronounced formation of dental plaque and calculus, gum retraction or with genetic predisposition to periodontitis must make an individual cleaning plan with their dentist.
That is the only way to prevent and stop further development of this disease and consequential loss of teeth.

AIR FLOW® method of professional cleaning – polishing
This method successfully removes all pigmentations from the tooth surface and prevents the formation of dental plaque, caries, gingivitis and periodontitis. The procedure purports the cleaning of teeth with a jet of small sodium bicarbonate particles which are spread by a controlled jet of water and compressed air, removing the dental plaque and pigmentations. The procedure, depending on the quantity of deposits on the teeth, lasts approximately thirty minutes. After this procedure, the teeth are shiny, polished and less prone to formation of plaque and pigmentations.

Teeth whitening


Teeth are whitened with hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide-based gels. The other ingredients serve for better gel application, enhancing its scent and containing substances which reduce teeth sensitivity (flour). The preparations differ in the concentration of carbamide peroxide, which depends on the type and way of whitening.

Before the whitening, the calculus must be removed and the teeth surface cleaned from pigments from food, drinks, tobacco etc. Even this procedure causes a slight change in the colour of teeth.
Optimal whitening is by two to three nuances. Whitening is more successful on darker teeth. In each case the teeth will be whiter, but the patient should be warned that the result of whitening is individual. The final result depends on the structure of the teeth, initial colour of the teeth, patient’s habits and type of preparation.

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This procedure is recommended when the tooth had changed its colour due to trauma or inappropriate treatment of the dental pulp (“nerve”) which caused bleeding into the tooth interior, leading to tooth colouration. Internal teeth whitening is performed only when the root canal is properly filled and isolated from the tooth crown. 25-30% hydrogen peroxide is placed into the tooth cavity, the tooth is sealed and the patient released home. The preparation stays in the tooth three to four days with regular check-ups.

Whitening gel is placed onto the external teeth surface. The gel then penetrates through the enamel and whitens the teeth. There are two types of external teeth whitening: in-office (by laser or Beyond polus – 35-40 % carbamide peroxide) and at home (by splints and 10-15% carbamide peroxide gel).

Veneers and non prep veneers


Veneer is a thin layer of material which covers the frontal part of the tooth, changing its colour, shape, size and length.
Indications for veneers are lost teeth aesthetics, correction of flaws such as colour or diastema, and protection of the tooth surface from damage.
Veneers are made of non-metal ceramics which imitates the natural teeth, representing a perfect prosthetic solution. They are an alternative to ceramic crowns precisely due to the tooth preparation, which isn’t as extensive as with ceramic crowns. Procedure for making of veneers requires little or no anaesthesia, and they can be an ideal choice for altering the look of front teeth.
Apart from the minimal trimming of teeth – by about 0,5 mm, natural look is the most significant advantage of veneers, because non-metal ceramics imitates the enamel of natural teeth and reflects light in the same way. That is why veneers have the same shine as natural teeth. Veneers do not darken and are biocompatible.

Full ceramic veneers, without the drilling of teeth, are nowadays a totally non-invasive method of smile enhancement. Some of the indications are: diastema (gap between the teeth), prolongation and/or extension of crowns, tooth reshaping, correction of tooth position, correction of enamel defects and change of colour. Since there is no preparation, the procedure starts by taking the impression. Prior to that, if necessary, it is possible to make a mock-up to demonstrate the final result and help the patient get an idea of his future looks.
The advantage of “non-prep” veneers is non-invasiveness: no drilling of teeth, no pain and no need for anaesthesia, which is often very important to patients. The course of the procedure is also very quick: it only takes two visits to have it done – one to take the impression and the other to cement the veneer. It is important to emphasize that veneers can be removed without causing any damage to the teeth.


 

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